Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Waterfall Tourism Landscape

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_2739

This is a landscape of waterfalls with tourism value. Based on their location, waterfalls can be classified as (1) main river tributary waterfalls, (2) mountain waterfalls and (3) underground waterfalls. Waterfalls can also be classified based on their formation process as (1) karst waterfall landscapes, such as Huangguoshu Waterfall in Guizhou Province and Detian Waterfall in Guangxi Province; (2) structural waterfall landscapes, which form when water erodes into rock layers of different hardnesses as a result of tectonic movements, and a hard rock layer forms the waterfall layer; for example, the Hukou Waterfall on the Huanghe is located on a hard and thick layer of Triassic sandstone, which reduced the river’s width from 250 m to 50 m and formed a drop of 34 m, creating a grand waterfall; (3) volcanic lava waterfalls, which form due to blockage of a river channel by a volcanic eruption or lava flow, such as the Tianchi Waterfall on Changbai Mountain, Jilin Province, and the...

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