Reference work entry
This is a type of volcanic eruption named after the Vulcano Volcano, which is located near the island of Sicily in the Mediterranean. This type of volcano has viscous magma, and the eruptions are mainly in the form of volcanic explosions. The magma composition is mainly andesitic and rhyolitic. There are seldom lava flows, and when they exist, they are thick and short. The explosions tend to create semi-cooled rock blocks or bread-like volcanic bombs. The erupted materials range from glasses to clasts, mainly in the form of volcanic ash, and eventually form pyroclastic cones (Fig. 19).
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