Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Central Mountain Songshan

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_271

Songshan is one of China’s Wuyue (Five Peaks) and is also known as Zhongyue (Middle Peak). It is located north of Dengfeng City in Henan Province and is part of the northern Qinling Mountains. Songshan mainly consists of Taishi Hill and Shaoshi Hill. It is a fault-block mountain composed of Archaean, Proterozoic, Palaeozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic rocks, and the five geological periods are the origin of its name ‘Five Generations Inside One Hall’. There are 72 peaks; the main peak, Junji Peak (Song Peak), has an elevation of 1,491 m and towers over the Yuzhong (Central Henan) Plain with a relative height difference of more than 1,000 m. It looks extremely spectacular. Songshan has a long cultural history. It was called Songgao Mountain and Chong Mountain during the Xia and Shang Dynasties, respectively. During the Western Zhou Dynasty, it was called Yue Mountain, and during the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, it was called Zhongyue (Central Peak). During the Tang Dynasty, it was named Shenyue...

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