Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Volcano

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_2706

Volcanoes are mountains with particular structures and shapes that form as a result of the movement of magma through the Earth’s crust to the surface, sometimes accompanied by water vapour and ash. The name volcano originates from the Italian ‘vul-cano’, which was the name of a volcano in the Lipari Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. It was named after the Roman god of fire Vulcan and has become a name for this volcanic landform. Volcanoes can be divided into extinct volcanoes and active volcanoes. Based on the erupted materials and forms, they can be categorised into shield volcanoes, cone volcanoes and layered volcanoes. Volcanoes are important for geological research and are also an important tourism resource. Many tourist attractions around the world are modern or ancient volcanoes, such as the Wudalianchi Global Geopark in Heilongjiang Province, Haikou Shishan Volcanic Cluster National Geopark in Hainan Province, Mount Vesuvius in Italy, Yellowstone in the USA and Mount Fuji in...

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