Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Volcanic Landscape

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_2694

A volcanic landscape is a geomorphic relic left by volcanic activity and associated processes. Volcanoes are an important manifestation of crustal movements, and they have played extremely important roles in all stages of the Earth’s history. Currently active volcanoes and volcanoes that have become extinct have left behind a variety of relics, such as craters, lava lakes, lava rivers, volcanic cones, volcanic necks, lava tunnels, pillow-like lavas, rope-like lavas, driblet cones and laccoliths. Additional features are composed of volcanic rocks affected by erosion and weathering, such as overlapping screen-like peaks of volcanic rocks, sharp volcanic peaks, stone gates of volcanic rocks, volcanic rock gorges, natural bridges of volcanic rocks, and volcanic collapse caves. Volcanic activity forms these volcanic landscape resources, which have important scientific research and tourism value.

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