Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Sinharaja Forest Reserve, Sri Lanka

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_2263

This reserve is located along the border between Sabaragamuwa Province and Southern Province in southwestern Sri Lanka and has a core protection area of 85.6 km2. The reserve is the country’s last major area of primary tropical rainforest. More than 60% of the trees are endemic, and many are considered rare. There is also abundant endemic wildlife, especially birds. The reserve is also home to more than 50% of Sri Lanka’s endemic species of mammals and butterflies as well as many kinds of insects, reptiles and rare amphibians.

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