Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Shoushan Stone Deposit, Fujian

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_2236

The Shoushan stone deposit is a large volcanic hydrothermal metasomatic deposit with a small amount of aluminium ore located in Shoushan Village, Hongliao Township, northern Fuzhou City, Fujian Province. The deposit is located in the upper segment of the acidic pyroclastic rocks in the lower section of the Upper Jurassic Bantou Formation. It was formed by the mineralisation of fused rhyolite tuff and brecciated rhyolite tuff under intense volcanic hydrothermal action that resulted in pyrophyllite-siliconate-aluminium ores. The ore mass of the deposit is layered or has lens and convex shapes. The boundary between the ore mass and the surrounding rocks is transitional. Pyrophyllite is the major mineral component of the deposit, followed by quartz, diaspore, dickite and kaolinite. Shoushan stones, which are used for carving, are composed mainly of dickite and kaolinite minerals and are commonly known as ‘Tian Huang’. Records reveal that the Shoushan stones were discovered during the Five...

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