Saline Lake Landscape
Reference work entry
This is a type of lake landscape. In a broad sense, a salt lake is equivalent to a saline lake. In a narrower sense, a salt lake refers only to a chloride lake. In general, the term salt lake refers to a saline lake (i.e., a lake with a salinity over 35 g/L). Salt lakes are mature lakes that are rich in various minerals, so they are important mineral resources. Based on the chemical composition of the lake water, salt lakes can be classified as carbonate lakes, sulphate lakes and chloride lakes. Based on the salt sediments, salt lakes can be divided into rock salt lakes, mirabilite lakes, alkali lakes, borate salt lakes and potassium-magnesium salt lakes. According to the state of the brine, salt lakes can be categorised into brine lakes, dry salt lakes and undersand lakes. Based on their origin, salt lakes can be divided into marine source salt lakes, terrestrial source salt lakes and mixed source salt lakes. China has the most abundant salt lakes in the world, and nearly all are...
© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020