Reference work entry
A rift lake is a type of tectonic lake that forms when a basin caused by fault subsidence is filled with water. It is characterised by a simple elongated shape and straight shorelines, steep slopes, great depth and a regular distribution pattern. Examples in China include Dianchi Lake and Erhai Lake in Yunnan Province, Qionghai Lake in Sichuan Province, Hulun Lake in Inner Mongolia and Qinghai Lake in Qinghai Province. The lake system in the Great Rift Valley (including Lake Tanganyika) in East Africa is a world-renowned rift lake system (Fig. 10).
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