Peat Swamp Landscape
Reference work entry
This is a type of swamp landscape comprising peat accumulations, typical swamp vegetation and numerous plant communities, such as herbs, woody-herbal plants and mosses. Common species include bolting grass (Carex), bog sedge (Kobresia), dwarf bog birch (Betula), marsh tea (Ledum) and peat moss (Sphagnum). Due to the change in water, soil freezing and growth of bolting grass and bog sedge, peat swamps generally have undulating topography. In China, peat swamps are mainly located in the moist cold temperate and temperate regions in the northwest and in the alpine plateaus in Qinghai and Xinjiang Provinces (Fig. 12).
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