Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Peat Swamp Landscape

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_1849
This is a type of swamp landscape comprising peat accumulations, typical swamp vegetation and numerous plant communities, such as herbs, woody-herbal plants and mosses. Common species include bolting grass (Carex), bog sedge (Kobresia), dwarf bog birch (Betula), marsh tea (Ledum) and peat moss (Sphagnum). Due to the change in water, soil freezing and growth of bolting grass and bog sedge, peat swamps generally have undulating topography. In China, peat swamps are mainly located in the moist cold temperate and temperate regions in the northwest and in the alpine plateaus in Qinghai and Xinjiang Provinces (Fig. 12).
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