Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Peat Soil

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_1848

Peat is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic matter that is unique to natural areas called peatlands, bogs, mires, moors, or muskegs. Constant, long-term or seasonal wet conditions provide ideal environments for the growth of aquatic vegetation. When plants die, large amounts of undecomposed or semi-decomposed plant residue accumulate and form a peat layer that is usually more than 50 cm thick. Peat is also a nonzonal soil that mainly forms in shallow lakes, swamps and waterlogged depressions, such as those in Sichuan, Heilongjiang and Jilin.

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