Peak-Valley Granite Landscape (Alpine) – Huangshan Type and Sanqingshan Type
Reference work entry
These landscapes include granite mountains with absolute elevations over 1,500 m and relative heights greater than 1,000 m. The landscapes are characterised by sharp, angular, and free-standing yet clustered spikes as well as deep and steep valleys. They mainly form due to congelifraction and erosion caused by water. Some researchers call this the ‘Granite Stone Forest Landscape’. A small batholith or stock covering approximately 1,000 km 2 with well-developed vertical joints that experienced intense neotectonic uplift is a typical requirement for the formation of this landscape. The Huangshan Global Geopark and Sanqingshan National Geological Park are representatives of this type of landscape (Fig. 10).
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