Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Black Soil

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_178

Synonym: Phaeozem

Neutral black soil forms by the substantial accumulation of humus and water in temperate semi-humid steppe meadow vegetation. Its parent material is loess-like clay sediments, which are viscous but uniform in texture. It normally has no lime reaction. The humus layer is tongue-shaped and contains white silica powder, brown-black iron-manganese nodules and rust-coloured markings. It can be found in the central Heilongjiang and Jilin Provinces in northeast China.

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