Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

National Park System, Indonesia

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_1690

Indonesia began its first national park, Berbak National Park, on Sumatra Island in 1935, and subsequent large-scale system development began in 1980. The government has currently designated approximately 50 national parks. The parks range in size from Lorentz National Park, which covers 25,050 km2, to Kelimutu National Park, which covers only 50 km2. The Karimun Java, Kepulauan Seribu, Kepulauan Wakatobi and Taka Bone Rate national parks play major roles as ocean parks because they contain large areas of water. The Komodo, Ujung Kulon, Lorentz, Bukit Barisan Selatan, Gunung Leuser and Kerinci Seblat national parks are listed on the World Heritage List, and Betung Kerihun is on the reserve list.

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