Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

National Park System, India

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_1689

Hailey National Park, which is now called Jim Corbett National Park, was the first national park in India and was founded in 1935. Additional development was slow, and by 1970, only five national parks had been set up in the country. In 1972, the country issued the Wildlife Conservation Law and launched the ‘Tiger Project’ to protect natural habitats. In the 1980s, the federal government strengthened legislative actions in wildlife protection. As of April 2007, 96 national parks had been established. The national parks in India cover a total area of 38,029 km2, accounting for 1.16% of the total land area of the country. The Indian government plans to set up a total of 166 national parks.

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