Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

National Park System, Argentina

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_1676

In 1903, Francisco Menenau donated 73 km2of land in a lake area at the foot of the Andes Mountains to the government to set up a national park, which began Argentina’s establishment of nature reserves. In 1934, the Congress passed a law and began to devote efforts to the establishment of a national park system. The Nahuel Huapi and Iguassu National Parks were set up, and the National Park Police was established to stop logging and hunting in the park. The originally established national parks embody a strong sense of national sovereignty. A new law in 1970 incorporated the national park into a larger protection system, in which national parks should be protected as national monuments, educational reserves and nature reserves. Since the 1980s, the central government has delegated power to encourage local communities and governments to jointly manage park affairs. Ten national parks have been set up jointly by the central and local governments. The National Park System of Argentina...

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