Nam Lake Landscape
Reference work entry
Nam Lake is the largest saline lake in Tibet and is China’s second largest saline lake. It is the world’s largest high-elevation lake. In Mongolian and Manchurian, it is called Tenggelinuo’er. In Tibetan, Nam Lake means ‘Heavenly Lake’. It is located in the area between Dangxung County and Baingion County 240 north of Lhasa and north of the main peak of the Nyainqentanglha Range. The lake surface is 4,718 m above sea level. It has a nearly rectangular shape, its east-west length is over 70 m, its north-south width is more than 30 km, and its area is 1,920 km 2. The maximum depth is 33 m, and it has a storage capacity of 76.8 billion m 3. The lake’s formation and development were affected by the geological structure; it is a tectonic rift lake that formed due to Neogene Himalayan subsidence, and it has traces of glacial action. The lake water continues to retreat, and several ancient lake shores can be identified; the highest is approximately 80 m above the current lake surface. The...
© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020