Reference work entry
This is a type of glacier that forms in mountainous areas, where the form is controlled by the topography. Mountain glaciers are mainly located in alpine regions at middle and low latitudes. Their characteristics are small size, high snowline, small accumulation area, a distinct boundary between the charging and ablation zones, downward movement by gravity, high velocity and energy, and strong glacier erosion. Mountain glaciers can form in various parts of a mountain and include a variety of types, such as ice cirque glaciers, hanging valley glaciers, valley glaciers and piedmont glaciers (Fig. 29).
© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020