Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian


Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_1636

A mountain is a landform that protrudes above plains or terraces with a certain slope, a large elevation difference and lateral extent. Mountainous land is a general term for mountains, valleys, and intermountain basins. Its morphological elements include mountain tops, hillsides, and mountains. In geomorphology, mountainous regions are generally divided into four categories based on their elevations: elevations >5,000 m are called extremely high mountains, elevations between 3,500 and 5,000 m are called high mountains, elevations of 1,000–3,500 m are called medium-high mountains, and elevations of 500–1,000 m are called low mountains. In terms of the viewability of the landscape, mountainous terrain can be divided into four types based on the relative height of the terrain: (1) low mountains with relative heights of 200–500 m (<200 m is hilly), (2) medium-high mountains with relative heights of 500–1,000 m, (3) high mountains with relative heights of 1,000–2,500 m, and (4) extremely...

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