Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Mineral Resources Law of the People’s Republic of China

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_1580

On 29 August 1996, the 21st National People’s Congress Standing Committee adopted the amendment to the ‘Mineral Resources Law’, and it was implemented on 1 January 1997. It contains seven chapters, including: Chapter I, General Provisions; Chapter II, Mineral resources exploration registration and exploitation of the approval; Chapter III, Mineral resources exploration; Chapter IV, Mineral resources exploitation; Chapter V Collective mining enterprises, individual mining; Chapter VI, Legal responsibilities; and Chapter VII Supplementary Provisions. This law clearly states that mineral resources belong to the country and that the State Council exercises the State’s ownership over these resources. Without the consent of the authorised government departments, mineral resources shall not be explored for and exploited within certain distances of major rivers and embankments as well as in areas designated by the State as nature reserves or important scenic areas of significant scientific,...

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