Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Mineral Classification

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_1567
Mineral classification is the method of classifying minerals according to specific criteria, such as generic classification, usage classification, chemical classification and crystal chemistry classification. In general, minerals can be categorized as elemental minerals and compound minerals according to their chemical composition. An elemental substance is a mineral consisting of one element, such as diamond, which is made up of C, and natural gold, which is composed of Au. Compounds are composed of anions and cations and can be divided into different types according to these ions.

Type

Minerals

Native elements

Diamond, native gold, native arsenic

Sulphide minerals

Galena, cinnabar, sphalerite

Oxide minerals

Magnetite, corundum, bornite, quartz

Hydroxide minerals

Bauxite, limonite, valentinite

Halide minerals

Rock salt, potassium salt, fluorite

Carbonate minerals

Calcite, malachite, magnesite

Sulphate minerals

Barite, gypsum, celestite

Nitrate minerals

Natratine

Chromate minerals

Chromite...

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