Landscape planning refers to planning of a region or a project based on the principles of landscape science. It provides policy makers, land managers, and land users with principles and strategic plans for transforming, protecting, restoring, or developing the landscape in a certain area. Landscape planning must ensure sufficient degrees of freedom for people to adapt actions to new economic needs or social changes as it is applied. Landscape planning emphasizes the coordination between humans and nature, including not only land utilization but also the superposition and integration of land utilization in particular. To achieve harmony between natural and artificial construction, it is necessary for many roads, water conservancy projects, towns, and even industrial and mining projects to perform landscape planning before construction.