Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Jingbohu Global Geopark, China

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_1218

This geopark is located in the inner area of Ning’an City in southeastern Heilongjiang Province. It covers an area of 1,400 km2along the middle and upper reaches of the Mudanjiang River. It became a global geopark in 2006. It has a total of nine scenic districts; seven are geological heritage sites, and the others are the ancient Bohai scenic district and the donkey riding exploration district. Several volcanic eruptions occurred from before 12,000 to 5,140 years ago, and lava blocked the Mujiang River to form the current Jingpohu (called Jingpo Lake), which is the world’s largest lake formed by lava. The geopark preserves typical geological heritage such as gorges and wetlands. The main geological attractions available for tourists include: (1) volcanic geological remains, such as craters, lava flows, lava tunnels, pyroclastic materials, and volcanic rocks; (2) water body landscape features, such as Jingpo Lake, Diao Shui Lou Waterfall, Xiaobei Lake, Zhuoxin Lake, Dianchi Lake, and...

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020