Jinding Lead-Zinc Deposit, Yunnan
Reference work entry
This is currently the largest surveyed lead-zinc deposit in China. Discovered in 1959, the Jinding lead-zinc deposit is located in Lanping County, western Yunnan Province. It is a ‘multi-genetic stratification-controlled and hot brine mineralisation-dominated deposit’. The lead-zinc ore body formed in the limestone breccia and limestone-sandy breccia strata of the Palaeocene Yunlong Formation and the calcareous quartz sandstone strata of the Lower Cretaceous Jingxing Formation. The mining areas can be divided into seven districts, namely, Beichang, Jiayashan, Fengzishan, Xipo, Nanchang, Baicaoping and Paomaping. The deposit has a long mining history. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, miners had already begun mining and refining silver ore, leaving several caves. Several slag piles can still be seen around Paomaping today (Fig. 7).
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