Encyclopedia of Educational Innovation

Living Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters, Richard Heraud

Blended Learning Pedagogy in Higher Education

Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2262-4_19-2


Blended learning, a combination of traditional face-to-face and online learning, is being increasingly adopted by higher educational institutions worldwide. The popularity of blended learning in higher education attests the increasing appreciation of its potential to facilitate and enhance student learning. The term “blended learning” has been defined variously. Garrison and Vaughan (2008, p. 148) suggest blended learning as “the organic integration of thoughtfully selected and complementary face-to-face and online approaches and technologies.”

Broadly speaking, blended learning refers to teaching and learning conducted via a combination of face-to-face classroom learning and technology-based online learning approaches. It combines the traditional face-to-face teaching with online teaching methods to enhance and extend the learning opportunities for students.

Potential Benefits of Blended Learning

There are many perceived benefits of adopting a blended learning model in...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Boelens, R., De Wever, B., & Voet, M. (2017). Four key challenges to the design of blended learning: A systematic literature review. Educational Research Review, 22, 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Garrison, D. R., & Kanuka, H. (2004). Blended learning: Uncovering its transformative potential in higher education. Internet and Higher Education, 7, 95–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Garrison, D. R., & Vaughan, N. D. (2008). Blended learning in higher education: Framework, principles, and guidelines. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.Google Scholar
  4. Jisc. (2015). Developing students’ digital literacy. https://www.jisc.ac.uk/guides/developing-students-digital-literacy. Accessed 9 Apr 2019
  5. Smith, K., & Hill, J. (2019). Defining the nature of blended learning through its depiction in current research. Higher Education Research and Development, 38(2), 383–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Su, F., & Beaumont, C. (2010). Evaluating the use of a wiki for collaborative learning. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 47(4), 417–431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Liberal Arts, Education and Social SciencesLiverpool Hope UniversityLiverpoolUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Feng Su
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Liberal Arts, Education and Social ScienceLiverpool Hope UniversityLiverpoolUK