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Dietary Fibers

  • Simona Ruxanda Dragan
  • Georgiana DamianEmail author
  • Ana Maria Pah
  • Mehmet Hayta
  • Kevser Kahraman
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Dietary fibers have become increasingly popular in recent years with various applications in the food and pharmaceutical industry industries. Dietary fibers are plant-based foods which are incompletely digested by digestive enzymes. The water-soluble fibers are prebiotics, which are fermented in the colon and have a beneficial role for gut microbiota. The insoluble fibers are not affected by digestive systems and provide bulking. Fiber intake has various benefits: it reduces appetite, lowers variance in blood sugar levels, reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, lowers the risk of diabetes, balances intestinal pH, alleviates constipation, and facilitates regular defecation.

Keywords

Dietary fibers Polysaccharides Oligosaccharides Inulin Pectin 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simona Ruxanda Dragan
    • 1
  • Georgiana Damian
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ana Maria Pah
    • 1
  • Mehmet Hayta
    • 2
  • Kevser Kahraman
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of CardiologyUniversity of Medicine and Pharmacy Victor BabesTimisoaraRomania
  2. 2.Faculty of Engineering, Department of Food EngineeringErciyes UniversityKayseriTurkey
  3. 3.Faculty of Engineering, Department of Material Science and Nanotechnology EngineeringAbdullah Gul UniversityKayseriTurkey

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