Theaflavins, Thearubigins, and Theasinensins
Tea, except water, is the most widely consumed beverage across the world. It contains many active substances, among which polymeric polyphenols (theaflavins, thearubigins, and theasinensins) are dominant in fermented teas. Theaflavins and thearubigins are the major polyphenolic compounds in black tea, whereas theasinensins are the most characteristic for oolong tea. All of these classes of polyphenols have complicated structure and complex route of synthesis, in which polyphenol oxidase is a crucial enzyme. The aim of the present chapter is to provide a summary on the current knowledge on theaflavins, thearubigins, and theasinensins associated with chemical structure, molecular action pathways, and health benefits based on the scientific evidences available on the literature.
KeywordsBlack tea Catechins Theaflavins Thearubigins Theasinensins
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