Encyclopedia of Teacher Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

Teacher Professional Development in Papua New Guinea, Challenges and Opportunities for Educators

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1179-6_247-1


Teacher professional development is considered to be an integral part of teacher development and preparation, which are oriented toward achieving effective schools in the Papua New Guinea (PNG) educational context. For this reason, the University of Goroka in PNG has introduced the Lahara program for upskilling untrained teachers. It was discontinued for a while but revived in the 2018–2019 Lahara session (summer school course) because of high demand for untrained teachers to be properly trained, qualified, and ready to be employed in PNG secondary schools. Teachers undertake staff professional development using different approaches such as formal, informal, and in-service education, staff professional orientation, and further study opportunities, among others; this entry will discuss these five in further detail. Teachers purposefully upskill themselves and develop the relevant competencies to execute their professional tasks and responsibilities with ease and confidence....

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Alau, T. K. (1989). Staff professional development for institutional effectiveness: An analytical study of the staff professional needs of the non-academic staff at the University of Papua New Guinea. Unpublished Master of Education thesis. Armidale: University of New England.Google Scholar
  2. Bautista, A., Yau, X., & Wong, J. (2015). High quality music teacher professional development: A review of the literature. Singapore: National Institute of Education, Education & Cognitive Development Lab, Nanyang Technological University.Google Scholar
  3. Gast, I., Schildkamp, K., & van der Veen, J. T. (2017). Team-based professional development interventions in higher education: A systematic review. Review of Educational Research, 87(4), 736–767.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Mulunda, P. (2018). Teacher professional development and quality pedagogical practices in public secondary schools in Uganda. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/
  5. Pau, M. A. (1993). Factors sustaining the professional development of teachers’ college lecturers in Papua New Guinea. Canberra: Queensland University of Technology.Google Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of EducationUniversity of GorokaGorokaPapua New Guinea

Section editors and affiliations

  • Govinda Lingam
    • 1
  1. 1.School of EducationUniversity of the South Pacific, FijiSuvaFiji Islands