Encyclopedia of Teacher Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

Complex Instruction in Mathematics Teacher Preparation

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1179-6_239-1


Complex instruction is a teaching approach that shifts classrooms from teacher-centered toward student-centered learning while putting specific emphasis on developing a classroom community that will expect and support an inclusive, equitable, and meaningful learning experience for all the students. Rather than setting up the classroom as a competitive space for learning where some students rise to the top and some sink to the bottom, complex instruction sets up the classroom as a collaborative space and as a place where everyone is expected to succeed and to contribute to a greater understanding than it would be possible through individualized instruction. In a complex instruction classroom, no one is seen as more or less smart. Instead everyone’s capacities, abilities, and experiences are acknowledged, valued, and nurtured as resources in the classroom.

What Is Complex Instruction?

Complex instruction (CI) is an instructional framework with a set of teaching principles...
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Michigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Jodie Hunter
    • 1
  1. 1.Massey UniversityAucklandNew Zealand