National Imaginary, Ethnic Plurality, and State Formation in Indonesia

  • Paul J. CarnegieEmail author
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Indonesia is a vast and diverse entity of land and sea. It also has a complex history of radicalism, separatism, and rebellion. In fact, numerous scholars have periodically flagged both the centripetal tendencies and disintegrative forces at play in Indonesia. As such, any sort of nationalism capable of bringing together the world’s largest archipelago as a “nation-state” is going to have its work cut out. How then did the nationalist leaders of the fledging republic narrate and structure the nation-state to hold contested social imaginaries and ethnic identities together? The following chapter investigates the implications of the ways in which nationalist leaders in the postcolonial period (1945–1998) forged not just a material state but a nation of the mind.


Indonesia Ethnic plurality Social imaginary Nationalism Pancasila Suharto Sukarno 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Asian StudiesUniversiti Brunei DarussalamBandar Seri BegawanBrunei Darussalam

Section editors and affiliations

  • Paul Carnegie
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Asian StudiesUniversiti Brunei DarussalamBandar Seri BegawanBrunei Darussalam

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