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Advanced Nano-engineered Glass-Based Optical Fibers for Photonics Applications

  • M. C. PaulEmail author
  • S. Das
  • A. Dhar
  • D. Dutta
  • P. H. Reddy
  • M. Pal
  • A. V. Kir’yanov
Reference work entry

Abstract

Nano-engineered glass-based silica optical fibers doped with different rare earth ions and transition metal ions is a new research area with potential application towards fiber-based amplifier, laser, and sensors. This chapter describes the basic material, fabrication techniques, and related material as well as the optical properties of nano-engineered glass-based optical fibers doped with erbium/ytterbium, erbium/scandium, ytterbium, and chromium for photonics applications. Accordingly, we present the development of erbium (Er)-doped zirconia-yttria–alumina-phospho-silica glass-based optical fibers and their application towards multichannel amplification in the C-band region under core as well as cladding pumped configuration. A new class of Er-doped nano-engineered scandium-yttria-alumina-silica glass-based optical fibers with proper annealing is also discussed which exhibited a flat-gain spectrum suitable for broad-band optical amplification in the C+ L band region having a maximum gain of 39.25 dB at 1560 nm. Application of materials towards a burning issue in case of high power Yb-doped laser called photodarkening has been reported where developed multielement (P-Yb-Zr-Ce-Al-Ca) nano-phase separated silica-glass-based optical fiber reveals that multielement-Yb-doped fiber is a promising candidate for laser applications with enhanced photodarkening resistivity. Lastly focused fabrication and properties of transition metal chromium-doped nano-phase separated yttria-alumina-silica glass-based optical fibers which may be suitable as saturable absorber with potential application towards Q-switching for 1–1.1-μm all-fiber ytterbium lasers.

Keywords

Nano-engineered glass Rare-earth doped nano-particles Optical fiber Saturable absorber Photodarkening effect Fiber laser Optical amplifier Nonlinear refractive index Broadband light source 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. C. Paul
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. Das
    • 1
  • A. Dhar
    • 1
  • D. Dutta
    • 1
  • P. H. Reddy
    • 2
  • M. Pal
    • 1
  • A. V. Kir’yanov
    • 3
  1. 1.Fiber Optics and Photonics DivisionCSIR-Central Glass and Ceramic Research InstituteKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR)IR-CGCRI CampusKolkataIndia
  3. 3.Centro de Investigaciones en OpticaGuanajuatoMexico

Section editors and affiliations

  • Hairul Rashid
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringMultimedia UniversitySelangorMalaysia

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