Encyclopedia of Ocean Engineering

Living Edition
| Editors: Weicheng Cui, Shixiao Fu, Zhiqiang Hu

Empirical Design

  • Xiafei MaEmail author
  • Wei Ping
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-6963-5_62-1



Empirical design is a design method generally characterized by the collection of a large amount of data before much speculation as to their significance, or without much idea of what to expect, and is to be contrasted with more theoretical methods in which the collection of empirical data is guided largely by preliminary theoretical exploration of what to expect. The empirical method is necessary in entering hitherto completely unexplored fields and becomes less purely empirical as the acquired mastery of the field increases. Successful use of an exclusively empirical method demands a higher degree of intuitive ability in the practitioner (from Access Science @McGraw-Hill).

Scientific Fundamentals

What Is Empirical Method?

The word “empirical” means “based only on observation or experiment.” So “empirical evidence” is evidence...

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  1. Bei X, Chen N, Zhang S (2013) On the complexity of trial and error, STOCGoogle Scholar
  2. Bridgman PW, Holton G (2000) Empirical method. Access Science @ McGraw-Hill, New York.  https://doi.org/10.1036/1097-8542.231000. http://www.accessscience.com. Accessed 10 Apr 2000

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghai Jiao Tong University Underwater Engineering Insititute Co., Ltd.ShanghaiChina

Section editors and affiliations

  • Weicheng Cui
    • 1
  1. 1.Hadal Science and Technology Research CenterShanghai Ocean UniversityShanghaiChina