Encyclopedia of Ionic Liquids

Living Edition
| Editors: Suojiang Zhang

Effect of Ionic Liquids on Activity and Stability of Enzymes

  • Gergana Letkarska
  • Milen G. BogdanovEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-6739-6_20-1

Introduction

Enzymes are large protein biomolecules responsible for many chemical reactions that are necessary to sustain life. They are an integral part of any living organism, providing its proper functioning by regulation of processes such as growth, healing, digestion, reproduction, to name just a few. These biological catalysts possess a distinctive three-dimensional structure which allows speeding up transformations of specific molecules – reactions that may otherwise take too long time often are accelerated by a factor of 10 millions, thus facilitating further utilization of the products. For instance, amylases and proteases breakdown large molecules, such as starch and proteins, respectively, and convert them in to smaller, easily absorbable species. Besides their essential role in living organisms, enzymes have a wide variety of industrial applications. Lipases, glucanases, proteases, arabinoxylases, and others are used in food industry; amylases, xylanases, cellulases, and...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Chemistry and PharmacySofia University St Kliment OhridskiSofiaBulgaria

Section editors and affiliations

  • Zhonghao Li
    • 1
  • Maya Guncheva
    • 2
  1. 1.Section 12 Emerging Applications of Ionic Liquids (Pharmacology, Food Science, Agriculture, Nuclear Science Technology, Optics)Shandong UniversityJinanChina
  2. 2.Institute of Organic Chemistry, BASSofiaBulgaria