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The Human Rights of Children: An Introduction

  • Jaap E. DoekEmail author
Reference work entry
Part of the International Human Rights book series (IHR)

Abstract

The road to the recognition of the human rights of children started with the Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child (1924) followed by the UN Declaration of the Rights of the Child (1959). Following a summary of the background and content of these declarations, the focus of this chapter will be on the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC 1989) and why a separate treaty on the human rights of children was (and still is) necessary. The chapter then offers remarks on the ratification of and reservations to the CRC, its structure and important features such as the four General Principles, the recognition of the responsibilities of parents, the growing autonomy of the child, and cultural sensitivity. Attention will also be given to the three Optional Protocols to the CRC and some regional treaties on children’s rights. The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child will then be addressed with attention to its monitoring role, its publishing of General Comments, the organization of Days of General Discussion, and the challenges facing the Committee. Finally, the implementation of the CRC will be discussed with some remarks on the progress made, the current major topics under the CRC, their challenges, and the possible contribution the implementation of the CRC can make to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals set for 2030.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Leiden Law SchoolLeiden UniversityLeidenThe Netherlands

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