National Counter-Terrorism (C-T) Policies and Challenges to Human Rights and Civil Liberties: Case Study of Kenya

Reference work entry
Part of the International Human Rights book series (IHR)


This chapter explores the human rights’ implications of counter-terrorism measures in Kenya. It examines terrorist trends in Kenya after the 9/11 attacks in the United States. Human rights in the fight against terrorism seem to be what states trade off for national security. The chapter will analyze how Kenya responds to terror attacks focusing on the protection of human rights. It uses the United Nations Resolution 1373 as the basis of the international counter-terrorism framework. Furthermore, it also utilizes the African Union counter-terrorism regional framework and African Human and Peoples’ Rights commission resolutions and principles. Both of these frameworks and the African Human and People’s Rights Commission agree that human rights should be at the center of a counter-terrorism strategy and that member states have a duty to protect and promote international human rights, refugee rights, the rule of law, and, lastly, humanitarian rights. The study explores a number of terrorist attacks in Kenya between 1998 and 2016 and examines whether the Kenyan government adhered to human rights in its response to the attacks.


Counter-terrorism Human rights Al-Qaeda Al-Shabaab terrorism Kenya East Africa Civil liberties Sovereignty African Human and People’s Right Commission 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Politics and International RelationsNorth West UniversityMafikeng CampusSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of International RelationsUniversity of the WitwatersrandJohannesburgSouth Africa

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