Forensic Psychiatry

  • Kris GoethalsEmail author
Living reference work entry
Part of the Mental Health and Illness Worldwide book series (MHIW)


In this chapter, the literature on teaching, training, and research in forensic psychiatry in Europe and the United States will be reviewed. In general, there is a small body of literature available about this topic. Next, key themes in education and training in forensic psychiatry will be discussed, namely, the interface between forensic psychiatry and the law and mental health legislation; risk assessment and risk management, professional attitude, and ethics; and clinical expert/witness training. Due to the interface between teaching, training, and research, some issues about research will be mentioned. Consequently, the Ghent group will be discussed with special attention to topics that this group considers. Also the summer seminar in forensic psychiatry and psychology in Europe will be introduced. And finally, there will be special attention to future prospects and to the new special professional qualification in forensic psychiatry in Belgium.


Education Training Forensic psychiatry Ghent group meeting Summer seminar Belgian professional qualification 


  1. Beachamp T, Childress J (2001) Principles of biomedical ethics, 5th edn. Oxford University Press, New York/OxfordGoogle Scholar
  2. Bloom JD (2007) Commentary: authorship and training in forensic psychiatry. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 35:32–33PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Douglas KS, Hart SD, Webster CD, Belfrage H (2013) HCR-20-V3: assessing risk of violence – user guide. Mental health, law, and policy institute. Simon Fraser University, BurnabyGoogle Scholar
  4. Folino JO, Pezzotti LC (2008) Education in forensic psychiatry. Curr Opin Psychiatry 21:514–517CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Goethals K (2008) Diagnostic comorbidity and circumstantial risks in psychotic offenders: an exploratory study. Printpartners Ipskamp, EnschedeGoogle Scholar
  6. Goethals K, Van Lier E (2009) Editorial: Dutch training and research in forensic psychiatry in a European perspective. Crim Behav Ment Health 19:286–290CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Gunn J, Nedopil N (2005) European training in forensic psychiatry. Crim Behav Ment Health 15:207–2013CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Hanson RK, Thornton D (1999) Static-99: improving actuarial risk assessments for sex offenders, vol 2. Solicitor General Canada, OttawaGoogle Scholar
  9. Hanson RK, Thornton D (2002) Notes on the development of the Static-2002. Public Works and Government Services Canada, OttawaGoogle Scholar
  10. Hillier B, Lambourne C, Larsen TG (2012) Mapping offender-patient pathways in the different jurisdictions of the European Union. Crim Behav Ment Health 22:293–293CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Howitt S, Thomson L (2015) Mental health services in prison. In: Sheehan R, Ogloff J (eds) Working within the forensic paradigm. Cross-discipline approaches for policy and practice. Routledge, Oxon/New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. Khan KS, Coomarasamy A (2006) A hierarchy of effective teaching and learning to acquire competence in evidence-based medicine. BMC Med Educ 6:59CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. Lanzenberg R, Kasper S (2005) Neuroimaging in schizophrenia. Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 73:51–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Layde JB (2004a) Recent trends in forensic psychiatric training. Curr Opin Psychiatry 17:411–415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Layde JB (2004b) Cross-cultural issues in forensic psychiatry training. Acad Psychiatry 28:34–39CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Lewis CF (2004) Teaching forensic psychiatry to general psychiatric residents. Acad Psychiatry 28:40–46CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Morgan J (2007) Giving up the culture of blame: risk assessment and risk Management in Psychiatric Practice’ – briefing document to Royal College of psychiatrists. Royal College of Psychiatrists, London Scholar
  18. Nedopil N, Gunn J, Thomson L (2012) Teaching forensic psychiatry in Europe. Crim Behav Ment Health 22:238–246CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Nedopil N, Gunn J, Thomson L (2015) Teaching forensic psychiatry in Europe: the perspective of the Ghent group. Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract 19:80–83CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Paris J (2007) The nature of borderline personality disorder: multiple dimensions, multiple symptoms, but one category. J Personal Disord 21:457–473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pinals DA (2005) Forensic psychiatry fellowship training: developmental stages as an educational framework. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 33:317–323PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Popma A, Raine A (2006) Will future forensic assessment be neurobiologic? Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am 15:429–444CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Reeder D, Schatte D (2011) Managing negative reactions in forensic trainees. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 39(2):217–221PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Reiss D, Chamberlain S (2001) A survey of forensic psychiatry teaching in UK medical schools. Psychiatr Bull 25:301–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Reiss D, Famoroti OJ (2004) Experience of prison psychiatry: a gap in psychiatrists’ basic professional training. Psychiatr Bull 25:301–304Google Scholar
  26. Riordan D (2008) Being ordinary in extraordinary places: reflective practice of the total situation in a total institution. Psychoanal Psychother 22(3):196–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Rotter M, Preven D (2005) Commentary: general residency training – the first forensic stage. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 33:324–327PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Scott CL (2005) Commentary: developmental stages of forensic psychiatry fellowship training – from theoretical underpinnings to assessment outcomes. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 33:328–334PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Simon RI (2007) Authorship in forensic psychiatry: a perspective. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 35:18–26PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Strous RD (2007) Psychiatry during the Nazi era: ethical lessons for the modern professional. Ann General Psychiatry 6:8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Taylor PJ, Chilvers C, Doyle M, Gumpert C, Harney K, Nedopil N (2009) Meeting the challenge of research while treating the mentally disordered offenders: the future of the clinical researcher. Int J Forensic Ment Health 8(1):2–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Taylor PJ, Gunn J, Goethals K, Nedopil N (2012) Editorial: can training support free movement of forensic psychiatrists between nations? Crim Behav Ment Health 22:233–237CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Tschan W (2014) Professional sexual misconduct in institutions. Causes and consequences, prevention and intervention. Hogrefe Publishing, AbingdonGoogle Scholar
  34. Van Haren NE, Bakker SC, Kahn RS (2008) Genes and structural brain imaging in schizophrenia. Curr Opin Psychiatry 21:161–167CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Van Marle HJC (2000) Forensic psychiatric services in the Netherlands. Int J Law Psychiatry 23:515–531CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Van Tilburg W (2008) Een kwarteeuw opleiding tot psychiater in Nederland. Tijdschr Psychiatr 50:23–27PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Wettstein RM (2005) Quality an quality improvement in forensic mental health evaluations. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 33:158–175PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Yang Y, Glenn AL, Raine A (2008) Brain abnormalities in antisocial individuals: implications for the law. Behav Sci Law 26:65–83CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Collaborative Antwerp Psychiatric Research Institute (CAPRI)University of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium
  2. 2.University Forensic Centre (UFC)Antwerp University HospitalEdegemBelgium

Personalised recommendations