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The process of trade liberalization posed significant challenges to the countries undertaking it. Once tariffs were removed, the main risk was the eventual rise of cheap imports from other countries, especially in the food sector. Cheap agricultural imports could create an imbalance in domestic food production and affect food security if their cost was below the normal domestic price or below the cost of production: this phenomenon is what is commonly referred to as food dumping. However, when it comes to creating an official definition, dumping becomes controversial, because of the disagreement about what is considered such, its effects and premises and its possible solutions.
Following the definition of food dumping in the context of trade liberalization, this entry will analyze in what ways is food dumping a problem and what are its causes, consequences, and solutions.
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