- 3 Downloads
Food studies generally ignore infant and young child feeding practices in favor of adult eating. Human infants are totally dependent on others for their food, and they survive primarily on one food – milk; however, the bioethical issues concerning infant and young child feeding are seldom explored. Food activists usually focus on adult foods, not baby foods; policy makers concerned with food security ignore breastfeeding because breast milk is neither produced agriculturally nor industrially. Because human milk is produced in the bodies of individual women, it is a greater challenge to relate it to global food issues. Infant and young child feeding is also different from adult eating because the person being fed, the baby, is not making the decisions about what, how, and when to feed. The decision on what to feed an infant is not a lifestyle choice dependent on trends and fashions, but one with vital...
- Cochrane Summaries. (2009). Probiotics in infants for prevention of allergic disease and food hypersensitivity. http://summaries.cochrane.org/CD006475/probiotics-in-infants-for-prevention-of-allergic-disease-and-food-hypersensitivity. Accessed 3 Mar 2014.
- ESPGHAN, & NASPGHAN. (2011). Supplementation of infant formula with probiotics and/or prebiotics: A systematic review and comment by the ESPGHAN committee on nutrition. http://espghan.med.up.pt/position_papers/JPGN_CoN_Infant_formula_probotics_prebiotics.pdf. Accessed 3 Mar 2014.
- Fildes, V. (1986). Breasts, bottles and babies: History of infant feeding. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
- IBFAN Code Documentation Centre. (2013). Legal update, July 2013. http://www.ibfan.org/art/ICDC-Legal-Update-July-2013.pdf. Accessed 3 Mar 2014.
- International Baby Food Action Network. (2013). IBFAN statement on chemical residues and infant feeding. http://ibfan.org/ips/IBFAN-Statement-on-Infant-and-Young-Child-Feeding-and-Chemical-Residues.pdf. Accessed 3 Mar 2014.
- Ljung, K., et al. (2011). High concentrations of essential and toxic elements in infant formula and infant foods – A matter of concern. Food Chemistry. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2011.01.062.
- Research and Markets. (2011). Baby food and pediatric nutrition market: Global analysis and forecast from 2007–2017. http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/1991904/baby_food_and_pediatric_nutrition_market_global. Accessed 3 Mar 2014.
- Shubber, S. (2011). The WHO international code of marketing of breast-milk substitutes: History and analysis (2nd ed.). London: Pinter and Martin.Google Scholar
- Spaulding, M., & Welch, P. (1994). Nurturing yesterday’s child. Toronto: Natural History.Google Scholar
- UNICEF. (1990). First call for children: Convention on the rights of the child. New York. http://www.unicef.org/about/history/files/WSC_declaration_first_call_for_children.pdf. Accessed 3 Mar 2014.
- UNICEF. (2013). Breastfeeding is the cheapest and most effective life-saver in history. Media Centre. http://www.unicef.org/eapro/media_21214.html. Accessed 10 Apr 2017.
- UNICEF Nutrition. (2011). International code of marketing of breast-milk substitutes, web page with update on the state of the code by country. http://www.unicef.org/nutrition/index_24805.html. Accessed 3 Mar 2014.
- Van Esterik, P. (1989). Beyond the breast bottle controversy. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
- World Health Organization. (2002). Global strategy for infant and young child feeding. Geneva: WHO. http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/gs_infant_feeding_text_eng.pdf.
- World Health Organization. (2006). The international code of marketing of breast-milk substitutes: Frequently asked questions. Geneva: WHO. http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/infantfeeding/9789241594295/en/
- World Health Organization. (2007). Guidelines on safe preparation, storage and handling of powdered infant formula. Geneva: WHO. http://www.who.int/foodsafety/publications/micro/pif_guidelines.pdf
- World Health Organization. (2010a). Guidelines on HIV and infant feeding. Principles and recommendations for infant feeding in the context of HIV and a summary of evidence. Geneva: WHO. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2010/9789241599535_eng.pdf
- World Health Organization. (2010b). WHO guidelines on HIV and infant feeding: An updated framework for priority action. Geneva: WHO. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/75152/1/FWC_MCA_12.1_eng.pdf
- World Health Organization/UNICEF. (1993). Breastfeeding counselling: A training course (WHO/CDR/93.4). Geneva: WHO. http://www.who.int/child-adolescent-health/publications/NUTRITION/BFC.htm