Agriculture of the Middle
- 5 Downloads
This entry focuses on ethical issues associated with the decline and potential renewal of midsized farms and ranches in the USA. The “disappearing middle” was first identified in the 1980s. Contemporary attention to the dynamics of this declining farm sector is accompanied by strategies for renewing an “agriculture of the middle.” A national agriculture of the middle initiative posits a threefold approach to rebuilding the middle sector of the US farm and ranch structure through new business and marketing strategies, particularly those identified as “values-based” food supply chains, public policy changes, and research and education support.
Ethical considerations focus on five areas: (1) diversity, resilience, competition, and opportunity in agriculture; (2) fairness and equity through the supply chain; (3) consumer choice and...
- Barham, J. (2012). Clarifying the regional food hub concept. Rural Connections: A Publication of the Western Rural Development Center, 6(2), 7–10.Google Scholar
- Buttel, F., & La Ramee, P. (1991). The disappearing middle: A sociological perspective. In W. Friedland, L. Busch, F. Buttel, & A. Rudy (Eds.), Towards a new political economy of agriculture (pp. 151–169). Boulder: Westview Press.Google Scholar
- Clancy, K., & Lehrer, N. (2010). A priority research agenda for agriculture of the middle. Available at: http://www.agofthemiddle.org/pubs/AOTM_research.pdf.
- Comstock, G. (1987). Is there a moral obligation to save the family farm? Ames: Iowa State University Press.Google Scholar
- George, K. (1991). Defending a way of life: A critical review of: Is there a moral obligation to save the family farm? Between the Species: An Online Journal for the Study of Philosophy and Animals, 7(3), 148–153.Google Scholar
- Goldschmidt, W. (1978). As you sow: Three studies in the social consequences of agribusiness. Montclair: Allanheld, Osman.Google Scholar
- Grantham, J. (2011). Time to wake up: Days of abundant resources and falling prices are over forever. Boston: GMO Quarterly Newsletter (April).Google Scholar
- Handfield, R., & Nichols, E. (2002). Supply chain redesign: Transforming supply chains into integrated value systems. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- Kirschenmann, F., Stevenson, G., Buttel, F., & Duffy, M. (2008). Why worry about the agriculture of the middle? In T. Lyson, G. Stevenson, & R. Welsh (Eds.), Food and the mid-level farm: Renewing an agriculture of the middle. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Lyson, T., Stevenson, G. W., & Welsh, R. (Eds.). (2008). Food and the mid-level farm: Renewing an agriculture of the middle. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Painter, K. (2008, February). An analysis of food-chain demand for differentiated farm commodities. USDA, rural development-cooperative programs research report 215. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
- Porter, M. E., & Kramer, M. R. (2011). Creating shared value. Harvard Business Review (January/February).Google Scholar
- Ruhf, K., & Clancy, K. (2010). It takes a region…Exploring a regional food systems approach. Available at: http://api.ning.com/files/nRTEesYytUshUdiU-IEPLW6lFFE3Zgcz44LFacsKlo5K6P0X43KSuSZOkwFHiTQF6a0t5O9mAXuWNb0HbP7GZjgKVUkE7gVY/NESAWGRegionalFoodSystemFINALSept2010.pdf.
- Stevenson, G. W., & Pirog, R. (2008). Values-based supply chains: Strategies for agrifood enterprises-of-the-middle. In T. Lyson, G. Stevenson, & R. Welsh (Eds.), Food and the mid-level farm: Renewing an agriculture of the middle. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Strange, M. (1988). Family farming: A new economic vision. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.Google Scholar
- Thompson, P. B. (1995). The spirit of the soil: Agriculture and environmental ethics. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). (2009). 2007 census report, volume 1. National Agricultural Statistics Service. Available at http://www.agcensus.usda.gov/Publications/2007/Full_Report/index.asp.
- U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). (2012). NC1198: Renewing an agriculture of the middle: Value chain design, policy approaches, environmental and social impacts. Available at: http://nimss.umd.edu/homepages/home.cfm?trackID=14216.
- Walker, B., & Salt, D. (2006). Resilience thinking: Sustaining ecosystems and people in a changing world. Washington, DC: Island Press.Google Scholar