Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy

Living Edition
| Editors: Henrik Lagerlund

al-Dawānī, Jalāl al-Dīn

  • Mathieu TerrierEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1151-5_589-1

Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī (830–908/1427–1502), known as al-Muḥaqqiq al-Dawānī, is one of the main representatives of the philosophical school of Shiraz, which flourished at the eve of the Safavid period in the tenth-eleventh/sixteenth-seventeenth centuries Iran. He was closely associated with contemporary courts, and the Turkmen rulers of Shiraz especially showed him great respect. Partly because of the political upheaval associated with the rise of the Safavids, he travelled throughout various cities in Arabia, Iraq, and Iran. His religious affiliation has been the subject of many debates, but it can finally be assumed that he was a Sunni Ash‘arite and moved to Twelver Shī‘ism in the last part of his life, coincidently with the advent of the Safavid realm (in 906/1501) and the conversion of the state of Iran to Shī‘ism. Some 70 of his works, in both Arabic and Persian, have survived, on theology (kalām), metaphysics, and ethics. Al-Dawānī remains as an influential thinker in both Sunni...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Bibliography

  1. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. (1839). Akhlāq-i jalālī [Lawāmi‘ al-ishrāq fī makārim al-akhlāq]. Lahore. n.d. Eng. transl.: Practical philosophy of the Muhammadan people, W. F. Thompson (Transl.). London: Oriental Translation Fund.Google Scholar
  2. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. (1998). Al-Ḥāshiya al-qadīma ‘alā Sharḥ al-Tajrīd li-l-‘allāma al-Qūshjī, al-Ḥāshiya al-jadīda ‘alā Sharḥ al-Tajrīd, al-Ḥāshiya al-ajadd‘alā Sharḥ al-Tajrīd. In: Riḍā Pūrjavādī, “Kitāb-shināsī-i āthār-i Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī” (pp. 87–126). The work consists in three sets of glosses on ‘Alā al-Dīn al-Qūshjī’s commentary on Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī’s Tajrīd al-i‘tiqād.Google Scholar
  3. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Al-Ḥāshiya fī Sharḥ al-Shamsiyya, a supergloss on Sayyid al-Sharīf al-Jurjānī’s gloss on Quṭb al-Dīn al-Rāzī’s commentary on al-Shamsiyya fī al-manṭiq by Najm al-Dīn al-Kātibī. Unedited.Google Scholar
  4. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Al-Taṣawwuf wa l-‘irfān. Unedited (See al-Ṭihrānī 1983, Vol. 4, p. 199).Google Scholar
  5. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. ‘Arḍ-i sipāh-i ūzūn Ḥasan (ed.: Irāj Afshār). Tehran: Majallah-i Dānashkādah-i adabiyyāt 3, Farvardin 1335/1956–7.Google Scholar
  6. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. (1973). Dīwān-i ash‘ār (ed.: Ḥusayn ‘Alī Maḥfūẓ). Bagdad: n. n.Google Scholar
  7. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Risālat Ithbāt al-wājib al-qadīma. In Sab‘a rasā’il (ed.: Sayyid Aḥmad Tūysirkānī, pp. 67–114).Google Scholar
  8. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Risālat Ithbāt al-wājib al-jadīda. In Ibid. (pp. 115–170).Google Scholar
  9. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Khalq al-a‘māl [Af‘āl al-‘ibād]. In al-Muḥaqqiq al-Dawānī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-Dāmād, al-Rasā’il al-mukhtāra (ed.: Sayyid Aḥmad Tūysirkānī, pp. 67–76).Google Scholar
  10. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Nūr al-hidāya. In Ibid. (pp. 109–128).Google Scholar
  11. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Risālat al-Zawrā’. In Sab‘a rasā’il (ed.: Sayyid Aḥmad Tūysirkānī, pp. 171–184).Google Scholar
  12. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Risāla fī Īmān Fir‘ūn qabla al-gharq. Unedited (See al-Ṭihrānī 1983, Vol. 10, p. 191).Google Scholar
  13. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Risāla fī Taḥqīq ma‘nā al-insān. Unedited (Fihrist-i kutub-i khaṭṭī-i dānishgāh-i Tihrān, Vol. 16, p. 134).Google Scholar
  14. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Risāla fī Ta‘rīf ‘ilm al-kalām. Unedited (See al-Ṭihrānī 1983, Vol. 11, p. 151).Google Scholar
  15. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Risālah-i Tahlīlīya. In Ismā‘īl Wā‘iẓ Javādī (Ed.), Majmū‘a-yi rasā’il-i fārsī (Vol. 2). Tehran: Bunyād-i pajūhashī-yi islāmī. 1368 Sh./1989–90.Google Scholar
  16. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Sharḥ al-‘Aqā’id al-‘aḍudiyya. Unedited. The work is a commentary on ‘Aḍud al-Dīn al-Ījī’s ‘Aqā’id.Google Scholar
  17. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Sharḥ Khuṭbat al-Zawrā. In Sab‘a rasā’il (ed.: Sayyid Aḥmad Tūysirkānī, pp. 185–197).Google Scholar
  18. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Sharḥ Risālat al-Zawrā’. In Sab‘a rasā’il (ed.: Sayyid Aḥmad Tūysirkānī, pp. 199–225).Google Scholar
  19. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Sharḥ Rubā‘iyyāt falsafī ‘irfānī-yi ‘Allāmah Dawānī (ed.: Mahdī Dahbashī). Tehran: Nashr-i Hirmis, 1387 Sh./2008–09.Google Scholar
  20. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Sharḥ Tahdhīb al-manṭiq wa l-kalām, a commentary on Sa‘d al-Dīn al-Taftāzānī’s (d. 792/1390) textbook on logic and theology. Unedited.Google Scholar
  21. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. (1953). Shawākil al-ḥūr fī sharḥ Hayākil al-nūr. In Thalātha rasā’il wa bi-dhaylihi Risāla Hayākil al-nūr (ed.: Sayyid Aḥmad Tūysirkānī, pp. 99–262) Mashhad: Bunyād-i pajūhashi-yi islāmi astān-i quds-i riḍawī, 1411/1990-91. Also: M. Abdul Haq and Muhammad Yousuf Kokan (Ed.). Madras: Government Oriental Manuscript Library.Google Scholar
  22. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Tafsīr sūrat al-ikhlāṣ (Commentary of Qur’ān, surah 112). In al-Rasā’il al-mukhtāra (pp. 35–61).Google Scholar
  23. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Tafsīr sūrat al-kāfirūn (Commentary of Qur’ān, surah 109). In Thalātha rasā’il (pp. 43–74).Google Scholar
  24. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Tuḥfah-ye rūḥānī, in Persian, on the “science of letters”. Unedited. (See al-Ṭihrānī, Vol. 3, p. 437).Google Scholar
  25. Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Unmūdhaj al-‘ulūm. In Thalātha rasā’il (pp. 263–333).Google Scholar

Primary Sources

  1. Al-Ashkiwarī, Quṭb al-Dīn. Maḥbūb al-qulūb, al-maqāla al-thāniya (ed.: Ibrāhīm al-Dībājī, & Aḥmad Ṣidqī). Tehran: Mīrāth-i maktūb, 1382 Sh./2003.Google Scholar
  2. Sab‘a rasā’il, (ed.: Sayyid Aḥmad Tūysirkānī). Tehran: Mīrāth-i maktūb, 1381 Sh./2002.Google Scholar
  3. Al-Dawānī, al-Muḥaqqiq, Muḥammad Bāqir al-Dāmād. (n.d.). Al-Rasā’il al-mukhtāra (ed.: Sayyid Aḥmad Tūysirkānī). Iṣfahān: Maktabat al-imām amīr al-mu’minīn.Google Scholar
  4. Shūshtarī, Qāḍī Nūrallāh. Majālis al-mu’minīn (7 vols., ed.: Ibrāhīm ‘Arabpūr, Manṣūr Sitāyish, Muḥammad Riḍā Muḥammadyān et al). Mashhad: Islamic Research Fondation Astan Quds Razavi, 1393 Sh./2014–2015.Google Scholar
  5. Suhrawardī, Shihāb al-Dīn. (1952). Kitāb al-Talwīḥāt al-lawḥīya wa l-‘arshīya. In Id., Œuvres philosophiques et mystiques (tome I, ed.: Henry Corbin). Paris/Tehran: Institut d’Études et de Recherches culturelles – Maisonneuve.Google Scholar
  6. Thalātha rasā’il wa bi-dhaylihi Risāla Hayākil al-nūr (ed.: Sayyid Aḥmad Tūysirkānī). Mashhad: Bunyād-i pajūhashi-yi islāmi astān-i quds-i riḍawī, 1411/1990-91.Google Scholar

Studies

  1. Al-Ṭihrānī, Āqā Buzurg. (1983). Al-Dharī‘a fī taṣānif al-shī‘a, 25 vol. Beyrut: Dār al-aḍwā’, 1353–98/1934–78.Google Scholar
  2. Alwishah, A., & Sanson, D. (2009). The early Arabic liar: The liar paradox in the Islamic world from the mid-ninth to the mid-thirteenth centuries CE. Vivarium Journal, 47, 97–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Corbin, H. (1976). L’Archange empourpré. Quinze traités et récits mystiques. Paris: Fayard.Google Scholar
  4. Dawānī, ‘Alī. (1956). Sharḥ-i zandagānī-yi Mullā Jalāl-al-Dīn Dawānī (with Nūr al-hidāya). Qum: Čāpkhānah-i ḥikmat, 1334 Sh./1956.Google Scholar
  5. Dīnānī, Ghulāmḥusayn Ibrāhīmī. (2011). Jalāl-al-Dīn Dawānī faylasūf-i dhawq al-ta’alluh. Tehran: Intishārāt Hirmis, 1390 Sh./2011.Google Scholar
  6. Kākā’ī, Qāsim (2008). Ghiyāth al-Dīn Manṣūr Dashtakī wa falsafa-yi ‘irfān. Tehran: Honar, 1387 Sh./2008.Google Scholar
  7. Lambton, Ann Katharine Swynford. al-Dawānī. In Encyclopedia of Islam (2 ed., Vol. II, p. 174). Consulted online on 20 November 2018. http://dx.doi.org.prext.num.bulac.fr/10.1163/9789004206106_eifo_SIM_1743. First published online: 2010.
  8. Nasr, S. H., & Aminrazavi, M. (2012). An anthology of philosophy in Persia, Vol. 4. From the school of illumination to philosophical mysticism. London/New York: I.B. Tauris in association with The Institute of Ismaili Studies.Google Scholar
  9. Nasr, S. H., & Aminrazavi, M. (2015). An anthology of philosophy in Persia, Vol. 5. From the school of Shiraz to the twentieth century. London/New York: I.B. Tauris in association with The Institute of Ismaili Studies.Google Scholar
  10. Newman, A. (2006). Safavid Iran. The rebirth of a Persian Empire. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Newman, A. J. (1994). Davānī, Jalāl-al-Dīn Moḥammad. In: E. Yarshalter (Ed.), Encyclopaedia Iranica (Vol. VII, Fasc. 2, pp. 132–133) Costa Mesa: Mazda Publishers.Google Scholar
  12. Pourjavady, R. (2017). Jalāl-al-Dīn al-Dawānī (d. 908/1502), Glosses on ‘Alā al-Dīn al-Qūshjī’s commentary on Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī’s Tajrīd al-I‘tiqād. In K. El-Rouayheb & S. Schmidtke (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of Islamic philosophy (pp. 415–437). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Pūrjavādī, R. (1998). Kitāb-shināsī-i āthār-i Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī. Ma‘ārif 15.1-2 (1377 Sh./1998), 81–138.Google Scholar
  14. Qaramaleki, A. F. (2014). The liar paradox in Shīrāz philosophical school. Ishraq, 5, 41–52.Google Scholar
  15. Rosenthal, F. (1958). Political thought in medieval Islam. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Wickens, G. M. (1984). Aḵlāq-e jalālī. In: E. Yarshalter (Ed.), Encyclopædia Iranica (Vol. I, Fasc. 7, p. 724). Costa Mesa: Mazda Publishers. An updated version is available online at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/aklaq-e-jalali. Accessed on 13 May 2014.
  17. Woods, J. E. (1976). The Aqquyunlu clan, confederation, empire. A study in 15th/9th century Turko-Iranian politics. Minneapolis: Bibliotheca Islamica.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CNRS, PSLLEM (UMR 8584)ParisFrance