Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy

Living Edition
| Editors: Henrik Lagerlund

Peter Auriol

  • Christopher SchabelEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1151-5_377-2


The French Franciscan Peter Auriol (c. 1280–1322) taught at Bologna, Toulouse, and finally Paris, where he lectured on the Sentences in 1317–1318 and remained as master until 1321, when he was made archbishop of Aix-en-Provence shortly before his death. Auriol composed popular treatises on poverty, natural philosophy, and the Immaculate Conception, various sets of questions on the Sentences, an important Quodlibet, and a significant Bible commentary. In his Sentences questions and Quodlibet – especially his great Scriptum on I Sentences – his explicit attacks on Thomas Aquinas, John Duns Scotus, and other giants, his proud independence, his provocative originality, and his general brilliance made Auriol perhaps the most influential Parisian theologian in the period after Scotus, although this influence was often negative. Auriol had a broad readership into the seventeenth century, and his works were printed frequently from the 1470s to 1695. Auriol is best known for his positions on universals, cognition, divine foreknowledge, grace, and predestination. His systematic approach allows us to trace common threads in his doctrine: conceptualism and the rejection of realism, a strong emphasis on contingency and a thorough denial of determinism, and a strict interpretation of divine simplicity and necessity. His appeal to creative devices and terms to construct his theories, among them “apparent being,” “indistance,” and “indistinction,” make his opinions immediately recognizable in the works of his successors, who more often than not argued against him.

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  1. See also the Peter Auriol Homepage: http://www.peterauriol.net

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of History and ArchaeologyUniversity of CyprusNicosiaCyprus