Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy

Living Edition
| Editors: Henrik Lagerlund

ʿAbd al-Laṭīf al-Baġdādī

  • Cecilia Martini BonadeoEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1151-5_2-2

Abstract

Between the eight and the ninth centuries, the production of original philosophical and scientific treatises became dominant with respect to the study of Greek philosophical and scientific literature in Arabic translation. This is due to the contribution of translators and al-Kindī’s thought, as well as to the experience of the teachers in the tenth-century Aristotelian circle of Baghdad, mostly al-Fārābī. All these teachers had the intention to classify the sciences, to return to a literal commentary of the Aristotelian text following the Alexandrine model, and to single out the nature of falsafa and the Greek-Arabic sciences and their relationship with the Qurʾānic sciences – an approach that extends from the end of the eleventh, throughout the twelfth, and up to the beginning of the thirteenth century. It is enough to mention Avicenna to get an idea of this development in the Arabic-Islamic philosophy and medicine of these centuries. The claim has been made that this generated a sort of “purist” reaction (Gutas, Greek thought, Arabic culture. The Graeco-Arabic translation movement in Baghdad and early ʿAbbāsid society (2nd–4th/8th–10th centuries). Routledge, London/New York, 1998), best exemplified by Averroes and his program of going back to Aristotle and the Greek tradition. Such a phenomenon took place not only in al-Andalus but also in the East of the Islamic world: Muwaffaq al-Dīn Muḥammad ʿAbd al-Laṭīf ibn Yūsuf al-Baġdādī would be the best representative of this current of thought.

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze Storiche, Geografiche e dell’AntichitàUniversità degli Studi di PadovaPadovaItaly