Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Hinduism in Surinam

  • N. MohkamsingEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_816-1

Synonyms

Surinam

Surinam, formerly known as Dutch Guyana, has been a Dutch colony until 1975. It is a tiny country on the northeastern part of South America. When the Dutch authorities abolished slavery in 1863, replacement of the slaves became necessary to keep the sugar, coffee, and cocoa estates running. In that regard about 34,000 Indians were brought to Surinam between 1873 and 1916 under the Indenture Labor Act. After the expiration of their contract, about one-third opted to return to India, whereas the remaining two-third settled in Surinam as they were offered a piece of land and some cash if they would stay in the colony. When indenture labor stopped in 1920, most of the Indians started small-scale enterprises in agriculture and animal husbandry. Since then this group has prospered and established its social, religious, political, and educational institutions [1].

Hindu Immigrants

The...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Arts & Culture, Humanities FacultyUniversity of Surinam (AdeKUS)ParamariboSuriname