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Lākulῑśa is the founder of the Pāśupata tradition of Śaivism, who lived in the second century.
Śaiva Pāśupata tradition owes its origin to Lākulῑśa, who is believed to be Śiva incarnate. The word “Lākulῑśa” literally means “lord with a stuff.” In Sanskrit “Lakut” denotes “stuff” and “Īśa” denotes “Lord” (, p. 185).
Lākulῑśa revive the Pāśupata doctrine embraced by the Pāśupata sect which is one of the oldest Śaivite sects. However, according to one opinion, the Pāśupata doctrine originated with Lākulῑśa and so there cannot be any question of his reviving it.
The Purāṇic Myth
The Liṅga purāṇa speaks of a tradition according to which Lākulῑśa is regarded as the twenty eighth and the last Śiva incarnate (, pp. 206–207). We learn from the Vāyu Purāṇa (V. 1.23.202–214), Lākulῑśa was contemporaneous with Vyāsa and Kṛṣṇa, as the 28th avatāra of Rudra. According to the Liṅga and Vāyu purāṇa, while roaming around as a mendicant (or Brahmacārin...
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