Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Nātha Siddhas (Nāths)

  • Amitabh Vikram DwivediEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_2-1


Nath, aka Natha, falls under Shaivism subtradition within Hinduism, incorporating ideas from Yogic traditions, Buddhism, and Shaivism [1]. The Nath followers consider Lord Shiva, one of the Trimurtis in Hinduism, as their main deity and guru, while worshipping other gods too. Two chief Naths, namely, Matsyendranath and Gorakshanath (CE 9th or 10th ??), of Nath confederation are remembered for their significant contribution in developing the Nath philosophy. Available literature dated back to the eleventh century CE and afterwards, where spiritual texts related to Shaivist theology have been documented. The Nath tradition was influenced by other Hindu philosophies, such as Advaita Vedanta monism, Shaktism, Vaishnavism, as well as various saints of Bhakti movement, namely, the teachings of Meera, Kabir, and Namdev also contributed in the growth of the Nath tradition [2].


The Sanskrit lexicon, Natha, literally means protector or lord. There is another term, namely,...

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    Dīwānā MSU (1937) Gorakhnath and mediaeval Hindu mysticism: including text and translation of Machhendra, Gorakh Goshti, Padas and Shlokas of Gorakh, Shlokas of Charpatnath. M. Singh, LahoreGoogle Scholar

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Humanities & Social Sciences – Languages & LiteratureShri Mata Vaishno Devi UniversityKatraIndia