In its full-fledged form, the Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta is a Vedānta school, that is, it recognizes a form of God as brahman (on the various ways of understanding God in India, see ), it accepts the authority of a given set of texts (the Upaniṣads, the Brahmasūtra, and the Bhagavadgītā), and explicitly grounds its tenets in the exegesis of textual passages out of the above works.
The full-fledged Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta also accepts further groups of texts, namely, the Pañcarātra (a group of Vaiṣṇava texts prescribing personal and temple rituals (see ) and on their role within Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta, ) and, more importantly, the Tamil devotional poems collected in the Divyaprabandham. These poems were composed in Tamil by poet-saints called āḻvārs, and they highlight various personal traits of the various aspects of Viṣṇu.
The Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta flourished predominantly in South India, especially in the second millennium CE and...
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