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In its full-fledged form, the Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta is a Vedānta school, that is, it recognizes a form of God as brahman (on the various ways of understanding God in India, see ), it accepts the authority of a given set of texts (the Upaniṣads, the Brahmasūtra, and the Bhagavadgītā), and explicitly grounds its tenets in the exegesis of textual passages out of the above works.
The full-fledged Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta also accepts further groups of texts, namely, the Pañcarātra (a group of Vaiṣṇava texts prescribing personal and temple rituals (see ) and on their role within Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta, ) and, more importantly, the Tamil devotional poems collected in the Divyaprabandham. These poems were composed in Tamil by poet-saints called āḻvārs, and they highlight various personal traits of the various aspects of Viṣṇu.
The Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta flourished predominantly in South India, especially in the second millennium CE and...
KeywordsBhakti Prapatti Devotional Texts Conscious Beings Brahman
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