The term Neo-Vedanta is used to denote modern Vedanta or Vedanta in modern times, especially the Advaita variety of it. The underlying assumption is that modern Vedanta is somewhat different from “traditional” Vedanta as prevalent in premodern India. The term remains quite nebulous and elusive, as different scholars approach the issue from different perspectives. Broadly speaking, however, certain characteristics have been identified as Neo-Vedantic, and certain personalities, foremost among whom are Swami Vivekananda and S. Radhakrishnan, have also been identified as exponents of Neo-Vedanta.
The term “Neo-Vedanta” has gained currency in recent times; however, it still remains loosely defined. At best, scholars do not agree with each other in their interpretation of the term. Furthermore, it is also laden with certain theoretical as well as ideological assumptions that make the usage even more controversial. The origin of the term is...
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