Buddhism and Jainism

2017 Edition
| Editors: K. T. S. Sarao, Jeffery D. Long


  • C. D. SebastianEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-0852-2_416


 Cittamātra, “consciousness only,” and “mind-only”;  Vijānavāda;  Vijñaptimātra(tā);  Yogācāra-Vijñānavāda


“Yogācāra” literally means the “practice of yoga.” The Yogācāra is one of the two most important schools of Mahāyāna Buddhism (the other being the Mādhyamika).


Yogācāra means “the practice of yoga” (yoga + ācāra). This school (founded by Maitreya, systematized by Asaṅga, and philosophically developed by Vasubandhu) emphasized mediation and practice of yoga as fundamental to the realization of bodhi (enlightenment). The Yogācāra school is so named, possibly because, this school held that meditation (samādhi) and wisdom (prajñā) were not widely divergent. Even though its name is Yogācāra (“practice of yoga”), the focal emphasis of the school is primarily philosophical. The Yogācāra is one of the most accepted and significant of the philosophical schools in India connected with Mahāyāna. The Yogācāra teaching is known as the Buddha’s third and...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Humanities and Social SciencesIndian Institute of Technology BombayMumbaiIndia