Buddhism and Jainism

2017 Edition
| Editors: K. T. S. Sarao, Jeffery D. Long

Yogācāra

  • C. D. SebastianEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-0852-2_416

Synonyms

 Cittamātra, “consciousness only,” and “mind-only”;  Vijānavāda;  Vijñaptimātra(tā);  Yogācāra-Vijñānavāda

Definition

“Yogācāra” literally means the “practice of yoga.” The Yogācāra is one of the two most important schools of Mahāyāna Buddhism (the other being the Mādhyamika).

Introduction

Yogācāra means “the practice of yoga” (yoga + ācāra). This school (founded by Maitreya, systematized by Asaṅga, and philosophically developed by Vasubandhu) emphasized mediation and practice of yoga as fundamental to the realization of bodhi (enlightenment). The Yogācāra school is so named, possibly because, this school held that meditation (samādhi) and wisdom (prajñā) were not widely divergent. Even though its name is Yogācāra (“practice of yoga”), the focal emphasis of the school is primarily philosophical. The Yogācāra is one of the most accepted and significant of the philosophical schools in India connected with Mahāyāna. The Yogācāra teaching is known as the Buddha’s third and...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.
    Chatterjee AK (1999) The Yogācāra idealism, new edn. Motilal Banarsidass, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Harvey P (1990) An introduction to Buddhism: teaching, history and practices. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Willis JD (1979) The Yogācāra school of the Mahāyāna. In: Willis JD (tr) (ed) On knowing reality: the Tattvārtha chapter of Asaṅga’s Bodhisattvabhūmi. Columbia University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Boquist A (1993) Trisvabhāva: a study of the development of the three-nature-theory in Yogācāra Buddhism, vol 8, Lund Studies in African and Asian Religions. Department of History of Religions, University of Lund, Lund SwedenGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Williams P (2009) Mahāyāna Buddhism: the doctrinal foundations, 2nd edn. Routledge, London/New YorkGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Schmithausen L (2007) Ālayaviñāna: on the origin and the early development of a central concept of Yogācāra philosophy: reprint with Addenda and Corrigenda. International Institute for Buddhist Studies of the International College for Postgraduate Buddhist Studies, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Makransky JJ (1997) Buddhahood embodied: sources of controversy in India and Tibet. State University of New York Press, AlbanyGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dutt N (1973) Mahāyāna Buddhism. Firma K. L. Mukhopadhyay, Calcutta, pp 143–177Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Snellgrove D (2003) Indo-Tibetan Buddhism: Indian Buddhists and their Tibetan successors. Shambhala, BostonGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Xing G (2005) The concept of Buddha: its evolution from early Buddhism to the trikāya theory. RoutledgeCurzon, London/New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Griffiths P et al (1989) The realm of awakening: a translation and study of the tenth chapter of Asaṅga’s Mahāyānasamgraha. Oxford University Press, New York, pp 251–263Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chatterjee AK (1999) The Yogācāra idealism, new edn. Motilal Banarsidass, New Delhi, pp 157–168Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Makransky JJ (1997) Buddhahood embodied: sources of controversy in India and Tibet. State University of New York Press, Albany, pp 211–218Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Stcherbatsky T (1996) The conception of Buddhist Nirvana, 2nd revised edn. Motilal Banarsidass, DelhiGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Murti TRV (1998) The central philosophy of Buddhism. HarperCollins, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Nagao GM (1992) Mādhyamika and Yogācāra: a study of Mahāyāna philosophies. Kawamura L S (ed and tr). Srisatuguru, DelhiGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Dasgupta S (1962) Indian idealism. Cambridge University Press, LondonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Humanities and Social SciencesIndian Institute of Technology BombayMumbaiIndia