Encyclopedia of International Higher Education Systems and Institutions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pedro Nuno Teixeira (Editor-in-Chief), Jung-Cheol Shin (Editor-in-Chief)

Higher Education Systems and Institutions, Mongolia

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9553-1_505-1

Higher Education System Development

Mongolia is a sovereign state, located in Eastern Asia bordering with Russia and China. Covering 1,553,556 km2, Mongolia is the 18th largest country in the world by land mass and has a population of over three million people. Mongolia is one of the fastest growing emerging economies, where the higher education sector is seen as a crucial means to help accelerate sustainable economic and social development. The Mongolian higher education has experienced a remarkable expansion since its transition from planned economy to open-market economy when Mongolia became a democratic country in 1990. Between 1991 and 2017, the number of higher education institutions (HEIs) grew from 14 to 95, and gross enrollment ratio in tertiary level grew from 14.0% to 69.0% (Table 1).
Table 1

Number of public and private HEIs: selected years, 1991–2017

1991–1992

1993–1994

1998–1999

2000–2001

2004–2005

2007–2008

2009–2010

2010–2011

2012–2013

2014–2015

2016–2017

Total HEIs

14

57...

Keywords

Private HEIs Foreign HEIs Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) State-funded Training (STF) Curriculum Review Process 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mongolian National Council for Education AccreditationUlaanbaatarMongolia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Rui Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Policy, Administration and Social Sciences EducationThe University of Hong KongPokfulamHong Kong