Higher Education Systems and Institutions, Zambia
Higher Education System Development
The Republic of Zambia (Zambia), formerly known as Northern Rhodesia, is a landlocked country in Southern Africa, with a tropical climate. It consists of plateaus with some hills and mountains, dissected by rivers and valleys with an area of 752,614 km2. The 2017 projected census indicated a population of 16,405,000 (Central Statistical Office Information 2018).
The economy of Zambia is centered on agriculture, mining, manufacturing, industry, commerce, trade, tourism, and transportation. Among the most important natural resources in Zambia include minerals such as uranium, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, and copper, which ranked Zambia on the fifth largest producer in the world (Masaiti and Mwale 2017, p. 468). Hydroelectric power, fertile land, wildlife, forests, abundant surface and ground water are other important natural resources of Zambia.
Zambia’s general education system follows a five-tier hierarchy: early childhood...
- Central Statistical Office Information, Research and Dissemination Division. 2018. Zambia in figures, 2018. Lusaka. http://www.zamstats.gov.zm/phocadownload/Dissemination/Zambia%20in%20Figure%202018.pdf
- Chondoka, Y.A. 2007. Remembering pioneers in University education: An exploratory study of the Zambian University graduates before political independence, 1964. In Zambia forty years after independence 1964–2004, ed. Y.A. Chondoka, B.J. Phiri, and C.M. Chabatama. Lusaka: History Department, University of Zambia.Google Scholar
- Hampwaye, G., and L. Mweemba. 2012. A profile of higher education in Southern Africa: Chapter 15, Zambia, volume 2: Country profiles, 105–113. Wits: Southern African Regional Universities Association. http://docplayer.net/64006151-Compiled-by-godfrey-hampwaye-and-liberty-mweemba.html.Google Scholar
- Higher Education Act (the), No. 4 of 2013. National Assembly of Zambia. 13 Feb 2013.Google Scholar
- Higher Education Authority Zambia. n.d. Higher Education Authority. http://www.hea.org.zm/index.php
- Manchishi, P.C., and W. Hamweete. 2017. Education in the first Republic: Rationale and focus. In Education in Zambia at 50 years of independence and beyond,ed. G. Masaiti. Lusaka: Unzapress.Google Scholar
- Masaiti, G., and E. Simuyaba. 2018. University education in Zambia in the face of Austerity: History, trends and financing. In Education in Zambia at 50 years of independence and beyond, ed. G. Masaiti. Lusaka: Unzapress.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Education (MoE). 2011. Recurrent budget estimates. Lusaka: Government Printers.Google Scholar
- University of Zambia (the). 2017. The UNZA graduation directory from 1966 to 2016. Lusaka: Unzapress.Google Scholar